In September 1969, the Experimental Design Bureau n/a S.V.Ilyushin was commissioned to start the works on the development
of an airplane of a greater passenger capacity. The order stipulated the aircraft operation based on the existing and available
ground technical bases, runways and airports. The requirements included the luggage transportation based on the "luggage
with the passenger plus containers" principle, installation of three entrance doors equipped with the built-in boarding
ramps thus excluding the necessity to use the airdrome facilities to ensure passengers boarding and debarkation. A new wide-body
IL-86 airplane became the airplane that met all these requirements.
From December 1980, the IL-86 aircraft are operated on domestic and international routes with the most heavy passenger traffic
flows. The IL-86 aircraft operation proved that the airplane ensures the substantial reduction of the operational costs and
significant fuel economy. The aircraft design features allowed to start its regular operations without expensive reconstruction
of the existing airports.
In October 1981, IL-86 set 18 world records.
On December 22, 1976, the experimental IL-86 made its maiden flight.
A test pilot of the airplane was E.I.Kuznetsov.
On October 25, 1977 was a maiden flight of the first mass manufactured IL-86.
The IL-86 is the first home certificated airplane. The GOSAVIAREGISTR of the USSR issued a Certificate of Airworthiness No.10-86.