«IL» PJSC congratulates Navy Aviation personnel on the professional day
Today on July 17 the Day of Navy Aviation of Russian Navy is celebrated.
This celebration is established as the day of memory of victory of Russian pilots over the German aircraft on July 17 (July 4 in old style) 1916 in the first flight combat over the Baltic Sea. On this day four hydroplanes M-9 took off from «Orlitsa» carrier of the Baltic Fleet and engaged the fight over the sea with four German aircraft to protect Russian military navy base on Saaremaa Island. During the combat that finished with the decisive victory of Russian navy pilots, two Kaiser aeroplanes were shot down and two were put to flight.
Our enterprise for its almost 85 year history has developed a wide range of distinguished aircraft. By the time of the Great Patriotic War the Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific Fleets had 239 long-range bombers DM-3. In general these were DB-3B based aircraft and with some minor exception - DB-3F aircraft. From the first days of war these aircraft carried out bombings of enemy targets on their territory - crews of the Blac Sea fleet bombed oil fields of Romania, the Baltic Sea fleet conducted strikes on Memel , Kenigsberg, Danzig, Warsaw, Lublin and Berlin.
On June 30, 1941 in the area of the city of Dvinsk German fighter Me-109 was rammed by the bomber DB-3 under control of the 57th bombing wing of the Air Force of the Order of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet under the command of junior lieutenant P.S. Igashev. Having destroyed the enemy in the air he then directed his damaged aircraft to the gathering of enemy forces on the ground. For their heroic deed all the crew members were posthumously awarded with the Titles of Heroes of the Russian Federation.
On the night of August 7 to 8 of 1941 crews of fifteen DB-3T of the Air Forces of the Order of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet performed bombing of Berlin. Leaders of three groups with five DB-3T in each - Corporal E.N. Preobrazhensky, captains V.A. Grechishnikov and A.Y. Efremov, commander of the special aviation group - E.N. Preobrazhensky, staff navigator-captain P.I. Khokhlov.
All of them were awarded with the titles of Heroes of the Soviet Union.
Strikes of the Soviet aviation on Berlin had not the military meaning as much as moral and political. They demonstrated to the world capabilities of the Soviet aircraft, courage and skills of Soviet pilots and convincingly refuted statements of the fascist propaganda that not a single bomb would be dropped on Berlin.
In July of 1941 supplies of Il-2 to Navy Aviation started. First to the Baltic Fleet and then to the Black Sea Fleet. In the first years of the war, Navy Aviation was provided with 176 Il-2 and in total during the period of war - 1395 of ground attack aircraft Il-2 and 12 Il-10, 290 DB-3, DB-3f, Il-4 bombers.
In May 1942 during attacks of the German transport in the mouth of Dunai River crews of Il-4 for the first time applied sea torpedoes and the first great success connected with tactical employment of torpedo bombers was on July 29, 1942, when two DB-3f sank two transports with total tonnage of about 20 tons near the coast of Norway. Il-4 aircraft remained deployed in mine and torpedo aviation until 1952 when they were replaced with Tu-14 and Il-28T jets.
In April 1944, Navy pilots of ground attack aircraft of the Black Sea fleet first applied masthead bombing from the high of 15-30 meters that equals to the distance from water level to masthead - the highest point of a ship. Ten ground attack aircraft Il-2 sank two transport ships one of which was lighter «Leo» transporting 500 German soldiers.
In August of 1945, Il-4 bombers started to operate against Japanese military forces. Navy pilots of the Pacific Fleet bombed Rasin port on the Korean Peninsula and Seisin, attacked Japanese ships with torpedoes. The bombers were accompanied by Il-10 fighters.
After the war, Ilyushin Experimental Design Bureau worked on the jet tactical bomber Il-28. On June 01, 1950 the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR was taken on manufacturing of torpedo and mine carrier Il-28T. Workshop flight tests of this aircraft were conducted from January to April of 1951, state flight tests were conducted from June to July in Aviation Science and Research Institute-15 of the Navy in Feodosia. From the ceremony of awarding of the aircraft designers with Stalin Prize: «Aviation of the Navy of the USSR obtained a first class jet torpedo and mine carrier aircraft that is able to carry and drop torpedoes and mines of different types, dealing powerful strikes to sea and ground forces of an enemy.
The decided advantage of Il-28T aircraft over other torpedo carriers of the same class is possibility to load torpedo and mine compartment with two torpedoes of large dimensions or four mines».
In the end of 1950s a new threat appeared - deployment by a potential enemy of nuclear submarines, carrying ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads. On June 18, 1960, the Council of Ministers of the USSR took a resolution for development of an antisubmarine defence long range Il-38 aircraft with radiohydroacoustic system «Berkut» on the platform of Il-18 aircraft. The first flight of Il-38 development model was made on September 28, 1961.
The second stage of the state tests started on April 9, 1963 on the base of Feodosia department of the State of the Order of the Red Banner Science Research Institute of the Air Forces - Korovskoe aerodrome.
In December of 1967, the first serial Il-38 manufactured, from 1968 starts its assimilation by military - first Il-38 aircraft were delivered to Kipelovo aerodrome as part of the North Fleet aviation. On January 17, 1969 Il-38 was officially put into service of the Navy Aviation/
In April 1969 was issued the Resolution of the Ministry of Aircraft Production on the development of modernized Il-38M, able to refuel in the air from specialized tankers, including a single type Il-38M3 with refuelling equipment UPAZ-38 and enroute air navigation RSBN-2B, ensuring aircraft to meet in the air. On the results of tests the aircraft was recommended for introduction into service.
On November 3, 1971 the ceremony of awarding titles of laureates of the State prize for achievements in the area of precise mechanics and optics to S.V. Ilyushin, A.I. Zhukovsky, D.I.Koklin, Y.A. Kutepov, A.V. Shaposhnikov took place for long-range ASD Il-38 aircraft.
Today the most contemporary modification of this aircraft - Il-38N is still operated by the Navy Aviation of the Russian Navy. Ilyushin Aviation Complex has successfully accomplished several state contracts for serial modernization of Il-38. The aircraft were equipped with new target search and track system «Novella-P-38», that significantly widened number of solvable tasks and their combat capabilities. Modernized aircraft received the name of Il-38N.
With the assistance of the new target search and track system the modernized aircraft will be able to undertake missions of patrol, search and termination of submarines and ships (with use of increased compared to the basic Il-38 nomenclature of armament), radioelectronic observation of submarines and air targets, installing of minefields, search and rescue on the water and ecology monitoring of the water surface.