OJSC «IL» staff honored memory of Sergey IlyushinMarch 31, 1894 is the birthday of Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin, eminent aircraft designer, founder of the design bureau, General Designer, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, colonel general of Engineering and Technical Service, three times Hero of Socialist Labor, Laureate of 7 Stalin and Lenin Prizes, USSR state prize.
By tradition, veterans and young specialists of OJSC «Il» brought flowers to Ilyushin’s monument on the territory of the enterprise and honored the memory of the famous designer at the Novodevichyi cemetery.
In his address OJSC «Il» General Director Sergey Velmozhkin pointed out, «We strive to preserve everything that was created by generations of our predecessors. Ilyushin Design Bureau, in my opinion, is one of the few companies, which has soul. And it is our task not to lose this soul! »
«All technical decisions, developed by Ilyushin specialists of the older generation, are in high demand to this day. They are implemented in the Il-112, Il-114 and Il-96. Our duty is to conform the that high level of quality, set by Sergey Ilyushin», said OJSC «Il» General Designer Nikolay Talikov.
OJSC «Il» Honorary General Designer Genrikh Novozhilov added, «Ilyushin understood and knew that there would be a war. For this reason in response to the bombing of Moscow on July 14, 1941 in August of 1941 the Il-4 aircraft appeared in the Berlin sky. Ilyushin believed in victory! »
Under Ilyushin’s guidance there were released the best military and passenger aircrafts of the time: IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, IL-14, IL-18, IL-28, IL-38, IL-62.
Open Joint Stock Company Ilyushin Aviation Complex personnel preserves and develops the traditions, founded by its founder.
Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin was born on March 18, 1894 in a large peasant family, in the village of Dylyalevo, Vologda Governorate.
In 1919 Ilyushin is drafted into the Red Army, and in September of 1921 he obtains a referral to the Institute of Engineers of the Red Air Fleet, which was renamed the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy in 1922. Among the students of the Academy Ilyushin stands out for his managerial and design skills. He heads one of the divisions of the Academy’s Military-Scientific foundations.
In 1926 after his graduation fr om Air Force Engineering Academy Ilyushin was appointed at one of the most significant positions of the young Soviet aviation. He becomes a chairman of the First (aircraft manufacturing) division of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the Red Army Air Force Administration (NTK UVVS).
In the early 1930 it was decided to extend the management of the aviation industry. It was headed by P.I.Baranov, the former chief of the Red Army Administration. N.M.Kharlamov, deputy chairman of NTK UVVS, military engineer, headed TsAGI (Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute). S.V.Ilyushin was appointed his Deputy and the head of the Central Design bureau of TsAGI, wh ere nearly all the leading teams operating in experimental aircraft manufacturing were focused.
However, the idea of forming the Central Design bureau of TsAGI appeared non-viable. During the work on new types of aircraft the specialization of design 03-.jpgteams was growing, it was getting complicated to manage the team. At the instance of S.V.Ilyushin, on the 13th of January 1933 P.I.Baranov signed an order on division of the Central Design bureau of TsAGI and establishment of the Central Design bureau of the experimental manufacturing of light aircraft. Manufacturing of heavy aircraft of different purpose was charged to Design division of the Sector of Experimental Aircraft Engineering of TsAGI under A.N.Tupolev management.
After taking over the Central Design bureau, S. Ilyushin closely approached the general mission of his life – the organization of the design team for creating two-engine long-range bomber aircraft.
At the plant №39 S.V.Ilyushin not only saved the old name of the Design Bureau – TsKB (Tsentralnoe Konstruktorskoe Buro), the Central Design Bureau, but at the Central Design bureau of TsAGI he also settled a system of independent design teams, specialized on the aircraft types, armament, technology, etc. The work of the OKB (Opytno Konstruktorskoe Buro), Experimental Design Bureau, was developed in three main divisions: the manufacturing of bomber aircraft, attack aircraft and passenger aircraft.
One of S.V.Ilyushin’s basic principles as a manager was the one that the growth of every designer implies not the social ladder promotion, but the skills mastering and the knowledge accumulation. He did not only stated this principle, but also confirmed it by his actions, providing actual (not formal) conditions in the team, encouraged and recognized the workers (morally and in terms of money) according to this principle. For him it was knowledge and creative effort what was important, but not the official position of employees.
General Designer could inspire people with his enthusiasm without any agitation, get obsessed with his idea. Without speaking a lot he generously shared his knowledge, giving all his time and efforts and perfectly combining solving of engineering issues with training specialists. Being quiet and at the same time rather easy-going he could get young engineers interested with particular tasks and helped with their solving.
The aircraft that made Ilyushin truly famous was the Il-2 attack plane.
Until that unsuccessful efforts to create a combat aircraft were made repeatedly during the pre-war years in Russia as well as abroad. Ilyushin managed to complete this task. Actually, all the attack aviation as a new kind of aviation, closely interacting with ground forces, was made on the base of Ilyushin’s aircraft design.
Creating IL-2 Ilyushin managed to solve many scientific and technical problems, including the use of armour as the aircraft substructure, the technology of manufacturing of the armoured body with the high-cumbered lines, etc.
The history of creating IL-2 clearly shows Sergey Vladimirovich’s distinguished personal characteristics: the designer’s talent, conviction and persistence in 09-.jpgpursuing a goal, extraordinary foresight.
It was the most high-volume aircraft in history. Total over 36 thousand of IL-2 attack aircraft were produced
By the end of 1943 when the frontlines did well and our aviation totally commanded the air Ilyushin was working on design of IL-12 two-engine transport passenger aircraft. there was a need to design an aircraft which was able to flight faster and farer than LI-2 passenger aircraft – the main Civil Air Fleet aircraft. As a result, in the first post-war years, starting from 1947, two-engine piston IL-12 aircraft and further IL-14 and its modifications cruised the USSR civil airways. Those were perfect aircraft for that time, fuel-efficient and safe enough.
After IL-12 Ilyushin’s design bureau created a new big passenger IL-18 aircraft with four piston engines. The aircraft was successfully tested and became the main and the most numerous aircraft of Aeroflot.
Next stage of Ilyushin’s creative work was the Il-62 transcontinental passenger airliner, which entered service in 1967, and its modification Il-62M which became the flagship of Aeroflot.
Every aircraft built in the design bureau under S. Ilyushin embodies creative characteristics of the General Designer. Ability to find simple technical solutions to complex and sometimes contradictory problems is a talent and style of Ilyushin, designer and scientist, engineer and creator of aircraft, allowing him to build such machines which played significant part in the development of the USSR Air Force and civil air transport. They carved out their rightful place in the history of Russian aviation.
Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin has lots of students and followers who have been the fundamental core of the design bureau. Primarily, his follower, Genrikh Vasilyevich Novozhilov, General Designer in 1970-2005. He keeps and develops the main traditions of Ilyushin School. Forming his company Sergey Vladimirovich tried to employ beginners rather than experienced specialists. These trainees and mates, who worked with Ilyushin for several decades, are often called «Ilyushin’s Guard”. Indeed these are the specialists he relied upon in any situation and with whom he created his aircraft.
In 1970, after S.V.Ilyushin retired, the OKB team continued manufacturing IL-62M, IL-76, IL-86, IL-96-300, IL-114, IL-96M.
Sergey Ilyushin died on the February 9, 1977 in Moscow and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
Sergey Ilyushin is an outstanding aircraft designer and scientist and he takes the rightful place in the aviation history. His attack, bomber and passenger aircraft are the novelties in the industry at each stage of the aviation development. His contribution into the national defence and development of the air transportation, into the progress of engineering sciences and technology of aviation industry is priceless.