OJSC «Il» congratulates naval pilots on their professional holidayOn July 17 Russia celebrates Day of Naval Aviation.
This holiday was founded in memory of victory of the Russian naval pilots over German aircraft on July 17, 1916 in the first air fight above the Baltic Sea. On this day four sea planes M-9 took off from the carrier Orlitsa of the Baltic Fleet and joined the battle over sea with four German planes to protect Russian naval base on Saaremaa island. In this battle, finished by complete victory of Russian pilots, two Kaiser planes were shot and the other two were sent flying.
July 17, 1916 is regarded as the birthday of naval aviation of the Russian Navy.
Our enterprise in its more than 80 year history created a number of outstanding aircraft for naval aviation. For instance, by the beginning of the Great Patriotic War aviation of the Baltic, Black Sea and Pacific Fleets had 239 long-range bombers DB-3 in service. For the most part it was the aircraft based on DB-3B with rare exceptions of DB-3F. From the first days of war naval pilots of those aircraft bombed enemy’s object on his territory – Black sea crews bombed Romanian oil fields, Baltic aircraft attacked Memel, Königsberg, Danzig, Warsaw and Lublin.
In July 1941 naval aviation starts receiving the ground-attack Il-2. At first the Baltic fleet, then, in august – the Black Sea fleet. During the first year of war naval aviation received 176 Il-2. Throughout wartime 1395 ground-attack Il-2, 12 Il-2, 290 bombers DB-3, DB-3f and Il-4 were supplied to naval aviation.
In May of 1942 the Il-4 crews during attack of German transport in Danube estuary used sea torpedoes for the first time, and the big success of combat employment of torpedo carriers took place on July 29, 1942 when a couple of DB-3f sank two transports with combined displacement of 20,000 tons near the cost of Norway.
In mine and torpedo aviation the Il-4 was in service until 1952 when they gave place to the jet Tu-14 and Il-28T.
In august 1945 the Il-4 bombers entered the war with Japan. Naval pilots of the Pacific fleet bombed the ports of Rason on the Korean Peninsula and Seishin, attacked Japanese ships with torpedoes. The bombers were accompanied by the ground-attack Il-10.
By the end of 1950s there appeared a new threat – deployment of nuclear submarines, carrying ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads, by potential enemy. On June 18, 1960 the Council of Ministers of the USSR adopted a regulation for development of the long-range aircraft Il-38 for anti-submarine defense. The first flight of the prototype Il-38 took place on September 28, 1961.
In December 1967 the first production Il-38 was manufactured, from March 1968 the introduction of the aircraft to armed forces began – the first aircraft joined the Northern fleet aviation. On January 1969 the Il-38 was officially put into service with Navy aviation.
On November 3, 1971 S. Ilyushin, A. Zhukovsky, D. Koklin, A. Kutepov and A. Shaposhnikov received State prizes for achievements in fine mechanics and optics – for the long-range anti-submarine aircraft Il-38.
In 2015 OJSC «Il» completed the state contract for repair and modernization of the first batch of anti-submarine Il-38 aircraft of Naval Aviation of the Russian Navy up to Il-38N. A total of five aircraft were upgraded under this contract. Also a new contract was made with the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation for modernization of another batch of the Il-38 up to Il-38N.
The modernization includes installation of the new Novella-P-38 target search and track system, which significantly increases the variety of missions for the aircraft and their combat capabilities – it is a strong contribution of OJSC «Il», United Aircraft Corporation and JSC «Leninetz» in the defence potential of our country. With the new target search and track system the aircraft can successfully carry out missions of patrolling, search and destroy submarines with a wider range of weapons, compared to the standard Il-38, electronic surveillance, mining, search and rescue people at sea and ecologic monitoring of water surface.